We learnt how to do a 3 way lighting technique today.
We used the Arri 650 lights. The dial on the back (fresnel) is to change the shape of the light.
Heres a diagram of what it is:
- Key light: The main source of light, not directly in front of the subject otherwise it will make their face look flat and white. It is put at an angle to give dimension and add shadows. This is the most important light and is usually the most intense.
- Back light: Is behind the subject. Adds contrast to the image. It also defies the subject against the background and gives “hair light”. This is how you can see the glow in their hair from the light.
- Side light: Is put on the opposite side to the main light, is often dimmer and smaller than the key light. This light fills in deep shadows and makes the image look more contrasted.
We also learnt about extras you can use with the lights:
- Reflector: bounces the light from the source and reflects it to where you turn it. Often called a bounce. Photographers use of walls, ceilings and even entire rooms as reflectors because they are usually white and the light bounces off.
- Diffuser: this softens the light (diffuses it) It also reduces the intensity of the light/ spreads it around.
- Barn doors: Metal flaps on the lights that change the shape of the light to pin point where you want it to be placed. They do not affect the hardness or softness of the light. You need to close the barn doors down tight to narrow the beam of the light